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Three Types of Filtration to Achieve the Perfect Balance

We showed you how to treat & identify algae in our last blog: Aquarium Algae: What will eat it and How to treat it.

Now that you’re an algae expert, it’s time to look at your filtration system and possibly identify areas that could be contributing to your algae problem.

There are three types of filtration that are essential to the perfect BALANCE of ALL aquariums.

1. Mechanical
This is the most basic type of filtration. This method removes waste, such as extra fish food, fish waste, etc.,screen-shot-2016-11-30-at-11-31-06-am from the aquarium.

  • Pre-filter sponges, filter socks
    used in canister, sump or wet/dry filters
  • Protein Skimmer and UV Sterilizers

2. Biological
Anything which provides a home for beneficial bacteria. This bacteria will break down dissolved solids to a less toxic form.

Here is what we recommend:

  • Live Rock
  • Live Sand
  • Macro Algae and Refugiums
  • Marine Pure: Block, Plate or Balls
  • BioPellets

3. Chemical
This method removes dissolved particles through the use of activated carbon, GFO (Granular Ferric Oxide) and other absorbent resins.

  • High Quality Activated Carbon
  • GFO and Reactors
  • Purigen
  • Polyfilters
Aquarium Parameter Ideal Levels: Reef Tank Ideal Levels: Fish Only
Specific Gravity/Salinity 1.024-1.026 1.020-1.025
Temperature 76-78 degrees 74-78 degrees
pH 8.1 – 8.4 8.0 – 8.4
Ammonia (NH3) Zero Zero
Nitrite (NO2) Zero Zero
Nitrate (NO3) Less than 1 ppm Less than 30 ppm
Phosphate (PO4) Less than 0.2 ppm Less than 1.0 ppm


Every aquarist strives for BALANCE in their systems and algae control is a natural part of this balancing act. As “natural” as it is, algae outbreaks have ruined the hobby for so many!  identify your aquarium problem areas – Stop in today for a complimentary plan on how to best combat your algae.

Don’t’ wait to identify your aquarium problem areas – Stop in today for a complimentary plan on how to best combat your algae.

or Skip the snow & get the tools you need to combat algae without leaving home by shopping online now!


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Sunday 12:00-5:00pm
*Closed Tuesday*

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